Tolerance, Physical Dependence, Addiction: the Differences

Two important neurotransmitters (chemical messengers) in the brain that are influenced by drugs include dopamine and opioids. Many drugs of addiction cause these neurotransmitters to be released, thus allowing the user to feel pleasure and euphoria. A person who drinks alcohol every day is an example of psychological dependence.

Most often, this slows down and becomes less intense over a few days to weeks. Yet, during that time, it is nearly always important to be in a drug addiction rehab where symptoms can be controlled. A person should contact physiological dependence on alcohol a doctor if they believe that they have a physical dependence on their medication or think that they might be developing one. They have the same right to treatment and care as a person with any other health condition.

MayPhysical Dependency Definition

Psychological dependence is the change in an emotional state after using a substance or engaging in a behavior for a long period of time. After long-term substance use, the brain gets used to having these chemicals boost dopamine levels. Negative feelings occur when the brain is no longer receiving the drugs. Psychological addiction is a brain disorder that causes a person to use the substance despite negative outcomes. Physical dependence happens when a person’s body is dependent on a substance. When a person does not drink alcohol, they are faced with physical symptoms such as rapid heart rate, nausea, and shaking.

What is the physiological basis of addiction?

Anyone can become addicted to drugs because the physiological process is essentially the same for all humans. When drugs or alcohol are consumed they cause a release of a chemical substance in the brain known as dopamine. Dopamine is responsible for “good feelings” and the euphoric high that drugs produce.

In addition, mood-changing drugs such as marijuana and prescription drugs for pain and antidepressants can be psychologically addictive. Create a poster, chart, or some other type of graphic organizer that shows the signs of physical dependence and the difference between physical dependence and psychological dependence. Balance family obligations and mental health self-care by attending therapy online. Group and individual therapy sessions can help people manage addiction, mental health, and dual diagnosis concerns. Physiological dependence describes these pervasive changes to how the mind and body function as a result of continued drug or alcohol use.

Psychological Dependence on Alcohol

Like other chronic, relapsing diseases, including high blood pressure and diabetes, treating drug addiction is an ongoing process. If a relapse occurs, this is not a failure of treatment; it is a sign that ongoing, different, or more intensive treatment is needed to control the disease. These terms can be confusing but, in fact, they are both parts of the physiology of addiction. Scientists are increasingly understanding the links between brain chemicals, hormonal triggers, the nervous system, and consciousness.

what is physiological dependence

Understanding how drug dependence works will help you or your loved ones create realistic expectations of the challenges ahead. Direct2Recovery specializes in management and treatment options for substance use disorder; alcohol, opiates, heroin and other harmful substances. See the website for more information about dependency subjects and treatment options.

Are “physiological” and “psychological” addiction really different? well, no! … um, er, yes?

The symptoms are often so severe that suicide and other self-harming behaviors become a risk factor. This is why doctors recommend gradually decreasing some medications rather than suddenly stopping. Drug addiction treatment involves much more than treating physical dependence.

Opioids, such as codeine, are drugs that a doctor may prescribe to treat pain. Although these are effective for pain relief, they have a high risk of causing physical dependence if a person uses them for longer than prescribed. Dependence refers to the physical symptoms of withdrawal and tolerance, while SUD refers to long-term behavioral, social, and physical changes. People can experience physical dependence on prescription opioids, antidepressants, anti-epileptics, or benzodiazepines without having an addiction to them. Additional training in assessment and diagnosis for physician trainees at the medical school level is also needed.

Get Treatment for Physical & Psychological Dependence at Genesis Recovery

Until the need for repair is recognized, nothing can be fixed. Once you’ve realized that you need tools and guidance, choosing a treatment program that provides what you need will get the recovery process underway. Psychological dependence is another term for mental dependence. Furthermore, physiological dependence is physical dependence. So you’re looking for details about the difference between mental and physical dependence on drugs.

However, you can still choose to not take the substance while dealing with these triggers — with addiction, it’s almost impossible to not take the substance when in these situations. While you know that it doesn’t, your body insists that it must have the substance to live. What has happened is that your body adapted to the influx of the drug’s chemicals. It is true that your brain and your body will react very differently to stimulants, such as meth and cocaine than it will to depressants like heroin and alcohol. The National Association of Addiction Treatment Providers is a nonprofit professional society designed to offer support to organizations across the continuum of care.